3EDINC

OP THE

AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY

HELD AT PHILADELPHIA

FOR

PROMOTING USEFUL KNOWLEDGE

Vol. XVIII.

JULY 1878 'to MARCH 1880.

PHILADELPHIA : P R I X T E I ) FOR THE S OC I E rUY

r.v m'cali.a A stavki.y. 1880.

ii Ps

V. /<?

b

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PROCEEDINGS

AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY,

II ELD AT I'll I LA DKLJ'H I A.

Vol. XVI II. JULY to DECEMBER, 1878. No. 102.

Stated Meeting, July 19, 1878. Three members present.

Stated Meeting, August 16, 1878.

1 'resent, 4 members.

Vice-President, Mr. Fbalbt, in the Chair.

A letter accepting the appointment to prepare an obituary notice of Prof. Joseph Henry was received from Prof. Fair- man Rogers.

A communication entitled " Saponin in its relations to Physiology, by B. F. Lautenbach, M.D., Ph.D., Prosector of Physiology in the University of Geneva," was presented by Mr. Piatt, with a letter from the author.

A communication was received entitled, " Oil Well records in MeKean and Elk Counties. Pa., by C. A. Ashburuer."

Dr. Sadtler made a verbal explanation in reference to his comments on his correspondence with Prof. Morton (see

I'UOC. AMER. PIIILOS. SOC. XVIII. 102. A. PRINTED Nov. 81, lv

[Sept. £8,

minutes of May 17) in which he gave Prof. Morton credit for correctly quoting Dr. Sadtler's letter. And the meeting was adjourned.

Stated Meeting, September :20, 1878.

Present, 5 members.

Vice-President, Mr. Eli lv. Prick, in the Chair.

Prof. Houston communicated the following notes:

1. On a new system of Electric Lighting, in which the sparks ("extra sparks") produced by interrupting feeble currents are utilized tor the purpose of dividing the light.

2. On a new form of Electric Lamp, depending also on the development of the extra-spark, instead o( the continu- ous arc.

These, BOtet embodied the results of the joint invest iga-

of Proi Thompson and himself.

Mr. Eli K. Trice read a communication entitled "Nature's

ting," and offered the following resolution, which

was adopted :

That <>r tin- paper on '♦Nature's EWoretting" BOO extra cop iea, withimt cover, be printed at the expense of the Michaux Legacy.

th of Mr. Henry Anuitt Brown, at Philadelphia, . wit annoanced by Mr. Pri Pending nomination! 867 to s7>» weir read.

following | > D scrutiny of the hallo! D0X8S l»y

the presiding officer, wen- declared duly elected members <>i'

Bon. Otrl Schnrz, of Washington, l>. G. M:-. .1. l;. Knight, df Philadfelphii.

Kr.dk. An Vfuhlenberg, D.D. of Philadelphia.

Dr. Elliott \.

\. 8, Packard, Jr., of Salem, Me

aph All. ai, of < Jam bridge, M

i -T.-

Mr. Samuel H. Scudder, of Cambridge, Ma

Rev. William Rudder, D.D., of Pliiladelphia.

Dr. Morris Longstreth, of Philadelphia.

Prof. Houston crave notice of his intention to move at the next meeting of the Societv, certain corrections in the last page of the printed proceedings (p. 728), being the records of the meeting held June 21, 1878.

And the meeting was adjourned.

Stated fleeting, October 4, 1878.

Present, 13 member-.

Vice-President, Mr. Frai.ky, in the Chair.

Letters accepting membership were received from the Rev. W. Rudder, D. I)., dated Media, October 1; the Hon. Secretary of the Interior, Carl Schurz, dated Departmenl of the Interior, Washington, Oetober 2; the Rev. F. A. Muhlenberg, P.P., dated V-M~ Walnut street, Philadelphia, October 2; Mr. J. A. Allen, dated Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass. October _: Dr. Elliott Cones, of the IT. S. Geological and Geographical Surveys of the Ter- ritories, dated Washington, October 2 ; and Prof! Jamef Watson, of the Observatory of the I'niversity of Michigan, dated Ann Arbor, September 18, 1878.

Photographs for the album were received from Mr. A. R. Wallaee, dated Waldron Edge, Puppas Hill, Croydon, Eng- land, and from William EL Flower, F.R.S., of the College of Surgeons, London.

A letter was received from Mr. A. M. Fox, dated Penjer- rich, Falmouth, September 4, 1878, respecting the decease of his father, Mr. K. W. Fox (July 2&, 1877, aged 88), and the disposition of publications forwarded to him.

Letters of acknowledgment for publications of the Society

received, were read, as follows: Ivoyal Society of Tasmania, February 17 6); Physical Society of .Berlin, June 16

(96, 98, 99); Natural History Society oi (dottingen, June 15 . XV i, ii ; llollaml Society oi Harlem, Jttne 25 (100; List); Teyler Foundation of Harlem. July 6 (100; List); Royal Society of Luxembourg (100; List): Royal Institu- tion, London, June 1 (III to X I ; XVI. ii ; 100) ; Society of Antiquaries, London, June 18 (100; List); Statistical So- ciety, Loudon, July 15 (100; List)'; Royal Observatory, Greenwich, July 19 (99, 100.; koyal Society of Kdinburgii.

July 5 (100); Maine Historical Society, (101); New

Hampshire Historical Society, July 8 (101) ; Massachusetts

Historical Society. July (.» (101; Cat. ii'O: Boston Public Library (101); Harvard College, July 9 (Cat. part ii'r: New- York Hospital, July 8 ( i(ti | : Xew York Historical Society, June 10 (101 1 ; Albany State Library, July 12 (Celt, part ill}; I*. S. Military Academy Library, . I uly ll> (101); New Jer Historical Society, duly 8 (101 ; Cat. iiij; Pennsylvania His- torical 5 1"1; Cat. iii,; Franklin Institute, July 26 (Cat. ill); Mr. John Fulton, Johnstown, duly S (101); Peabody Institute of Baltimore, July 81 (Oat; \\Yf; Xaval Observatory, Washington, duly 8 (101); Dr. William Elder, "Washington, July 22 (101); Georgia Historical 8o- 101 ; h'antoul Literary Society, July 8(101); Academy of Sciences, July 8 (101); Big. Mariano Barcena, Mexico, duly 8 i K'0).

acknowledging the receipt of diplomas were re- red from tie- following members : Dr. D. G. Oilman, dated Amherst, July 10, 1878; Mr. Lorin Blodget, Philadelphia, duly 8, L878; Mr. Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia, July 8, 1878; Mr. G Jtuart, Philadelphia, [528 N". 18th street,

Jul) 29; Mr. John Fulton, Johnstown, Pa., July 8^; and William Elder, Washington, D.C., July 22.

the transmission <>f publications to

d from the Hungarian Academy of

July 16 ; the Natural History Society at

Botanical Society ai Vienna,

W78J ''

April 29, 1878 ; Physical Society at Berlin, June 15, 1878 ; Holland Society of Sciences at Harlem, July, 1878 ; Royal Academy of Lisbon, February 7, 1878 ; Meteorological Office at London, July, 1878; Secretary of State of New Hamp- shire, August 10, 1878; Harvard College Observatory, Cam- bridge, Augusr, 17, 1878 ; Second Geological Survey of Penn- sylvania, September 5, LS7K : Coast Survey Office at Wash- ington, August 17, 1878; Office of the Chief of Engineers, Wa>bii;gt<>u, September 3,1878; Department of the Inte- rior, Washington, duly 24, 1878 ; * Department of State at Washington, August 31, X$78 J the Argentine National Ob- servatory, April, 1878 ; and from the Argentine Scientific Society, Ibienos Ayres.

Donations for the Library were received from the Mining Surveyors and Legist rar> of Victoria ; 1 Joy al Academies at Leilin and at Drussels; Natural History Societies at L ( lil'enbach am M., Bremen aqd Boston; AnthropologicaJ eiety, and Geological Instituteat Vienna; Physical Society at Berlin; Holland Society at Harlem: Geographical Soci and Levue Politique ;it Paris ; Geographical Commercial Society at Bordeaux; Loyal Geographical, Geological, An- tiquarian, Zoological and Metereologieal Societies of London ; Meteorological Office of the Loyal Society; Prof. Richard Owen, and London Nature; Joseph Gurney Barclay, Esq. Peyton, Essex, Lug. ; Geological Survey of New Hampshire; Museum of Comparative Zoology and Leabody Museum in Cambridge, Mass. ; American Journal of Science and Art ; Mr. Henry T. Eddy, of Princeton, N. Jl ; Princeton College; Franklin Institute; Journal of Pharmacy, Medical News, l'enn Monthly; Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania; American Journal Mathematics, Baltimore'; Mr. Asaph Hall, of Washington; Kansas Agricultural Report, Topeka ; Geo- graphical and Statistical Society, Mexico; Ministerio de Fomento, Mexico; and the Argentine Scientific Society in Buenos Ayr.

Also previously, and not noted, from the Loyal Danish

* Cartas Ue Iiulias from the (jovernment. of Spain.

6

I Oct I,

Society ; Mr. Albert S. Gatechet ; the Editors of the Nbvara Expedition Report?, Vienna ; Meteorological Central Insti- tute of Vienna ; Royal Academy at Munich ; Dr. Carl Alfred Littel ; Xatural History Society at Stuttgard; Physical GEcon. Society at Koni^sberg ; Prftg Observatory; Annales des Mines: Nouvelle Soeiete Indo-Chinoise at Paris; Dr. Lc Grand; M. Joachim Parrande: M. A. Woeikof; Ac- cademia dei Lencei, Rome : Big, Allesandro Dorno ; Turin Observatory: Kevista Kuskara at Pamplona; R. Academy, Lisbon; R. Academy, Madrid: Victoria Institute, Astro- nomica : and Sir Kduard Sabine, London ; Natural

History Society ar Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; Mauritius Expe- dition; Asiatic Society of Japan ; Tasnianian Society ; New Zealand Institute; Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society; Geological Survey of Canada: Mr. Samuel 11. Scudder ; Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences: Harvard Col- lege Observatory: Editors of Psyche- Essex Institute; American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston; Mr. W. Ripley Nichols ; American ( Jriental Society ; Superintendent of Fairmount Park; Academy of Xatural Sciences, Phila- delphia; American Journal of the Medical Sciences j Pea- body Institute, Baltimore; Official Army Register; Mr. Samuel Xeweon'b; U. S. Geological and Geographical Sur- vey Bureau; Cincinnati Society of Natural Eistory; and M. Barcena, of Mexico.

A letter was received from the Secretary of the R. Acade-

mia di Scienze, Littere ed Ani of Modena, dated duly 80,

requesting exchanges. < >n motion the name of this society

ordered to be placed <>n the list of correspondents to re-

e the publication

pived from Mr. G. E. Bill in, Secretary of

Club of Philadelphia, requesting i«> receive

tin ublicatious. (>u motion the reaiies! was

ill from the " Socli ta I talltWH I In

\nN.n Mm in I M Bop.

ro), Pub

;

1878.] * *

granted and the Engineers' Club placed among the Society's correspondents to receive the Proceedings from the begin- ning of 1878 onward.

Letters requesting the supply of deficiencies in the series of the Society's publications were received from Trubner & Co., from the Boston Public Library, and the Naval Ob- servatory, and were referred to the Librarian for action.

A request for subscription to the u American Catalogue," dated September 17, New York, 37 Park Row, was referred to the Librarian to consider and report."

A letter was received from S. Guerrier, Emporia, Kansas, .September 9, asking the worth of an old Bible (1002) de- scribed by its owner.

The committee to which was referred Prof. Haldeman's plates and descriptions of prehistoric remains in the cave near Chicques rock in Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, reported in favor of their publication in the Transactions of the Society. ( >n motion the report was accepted and the com- mittee discharged. On motion the publication was or- dered.

The Committee on Finance was requested to inquire into andreport upon the expediency of publishing the two memoirs presentee! at recent meetings by Dr. Lautenbach, of Geneva, Switzerland.*

Dr. Konig exhibited and described a piece of chemical apparatus which he invented for the purpose of applying the use of sliding glass wedges, colored and transparent, and empirically graduated, to the optical extinction of the colors, simple or compound, of tbe blowpipe beads of the chromatic metals, ground to a given thickness and rendered trans- parent by a coating of balsam. The use of the glass wedge has been known; but this use of complimentary colors for producing the extinction of a given color, and for thus ob- taining the exact degree on a scale marking the percentage of metallic elements contained in the bead, is new, and, as

Minute Book, Oct. 18, 1878.

s

[Oct. 4,

Dr. Konig promised to show in a coming memoir, efficient for very precise determinations.

Prof. Houston desired to place on record an extension of the researches of Prof. Thompson and himself, on Electric Lighting, obtained by passing the Ruhmkorff discharge through glass tubes containing silica, carbonate of ammonia and similar substances

Prof. P. K. Chase (detained from the meeting by illness) seated, through the Secretary, a communication entitled " Crucial Harmonies."

Mr. Lesley exhibited several plates of the Permean fossil plants discovered and described by Profs. Fontaine and White of the West Virginia University, at Morgantown, in the country west of the Monongahela River, and took occa- sion to speak of the progress made by I'rof. -lames Hall, Dr. T. Sterry Hunt and others at the late Congress of Geologists opened on the 29th of August last at Paris, in harmonizing the geologies of Europe and America, lie described the meetings of the Congress, and the appointment of national committees on classification and coloration, to report to Prof.

ellini six months previous to the next assembling o[' the International Qongtt ologists at Iiologna in 1881.

Mr. Lesley laid on the table for •examination some quasi

COprolltes, found by Mr. W. D. 11. Mason in the roof slates

of the Ma n i moth bed, as described in a letter dated Williams- town, duly 'J'.', L8

Pending nominations 864 bo re read.

Prof. Houston moved that the minutes on printed page

729 of No. ioi <.f the Proceedings be corrected. Owing to the lateness oi the hour, and at the request of the Secretary, who reported the minutes, the subject was postponed for hi at the next meeting.

| :id the meet '. adjourned.

1878.] •' [Asliburner.

Oil Well Beaordt in. Mr Ken n and Elk ' ;'>-

By Chas. A. ASBBCSHXR, M.S. Assistant Geological Sr i:\f.y. (Bead before the American Philosophical Society, Augutt lfi, 1*78).

The demand for accurate well records in the northern oil field has he- come very great, from the eagerness with which the producers have sought to find petroleum, outside Of the limits of the Bradford development. Most o! the explorers, from the way in which their wells are drilled by con tractors,, are unable to keep a complete and correct record of the rocks through which the drill passes, yet they are ever anxious to procure reliable records from other sources to aid them in their "wild cut" operations.

During the pail two years I have heen aide to obtain through the assist auee of Mr. M. M. Schullz of Wilcox, a numlier of extremely valuable and interesting records of wells drilled in the vicinity of that village. Mr. SchultZ by his untiring perseverance has succeeded iu getting records of no less than six wells drilled to an average depth of over eighteen hundred feet. All have heen kept with the greatest care and most of them under his personal supervision.

No complete register of all the rocks passed through by the drill has ever heen kept by any of the producers In the Bradford oil field. In De- cember, 1877, Prof. Lesley appointed Mr. Arthur Hale, of the Survey, to the special work of Obtaining a correct record of the Dennis a 0o.'| Well, No. 1, which was about to be drilled on the high summit to the south-west of Bradford.

All of these records together with a more minute description and fuller discussion of the rocks drilled through, will he found in my forthcoming report of progress in Mclvcan and Elk Counties. I have been induced to Communicate to the Society a few of the more valuable well records for immediate reference prior to the publication of the report.

The position of the (Mean Conglomerate above the mouth of each well is given in feet in order that a comparison may be made between the several sections. AH the rocks of the section are not named for reasons which can be better appreciated when the report is published.

The Olean Conglomerate is the bottom of the Coal Conglomerate No.

XII, or Millstone -lit. The Bradford oil producing sand belongs without question to the Chemung Period1, or the upper part of No. VI II.

c. II. Dennii x Co.'a Welt, No. l.

Owned by C. W. Dennis A Co., situated on the Roger's farm, three fourths of a mile south 85° west of Bradford, Bradford Township, McKean County.

The record of this well wis kept by Mr. Arthur Hale, aid to Mr. John F. Carll, Assistant Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania.

The well was drilled in December 1877, and January 1878. Mr. Hale made the measurements with great accuracy, the method pursued, to- PROO. AMKU. PlllLos. SOC. .Will. 102. it. PRINTED NOV. 21, 1878.

Ashhurner.] 1" [Augflfi>

gether with a fuller description of the facts obtained, will be published in the District report.

It is due Mr. Hale to stale that the Dennis record is, without doubt, the longest detailed and (i>-curatd>i mt<tt>jr,d record of any oil well in the United States. Deeper wells have been drilled, but no record has ever been kept so accurate as tins one to such a depth. Wherever the rock ■d through by the drill was found to change a specimen was secured ; in many cases a number of specimens of the same stratum were kept, in order that after a more careful study the horizons or divisions might be shifted the better to agree with the true succession of the strata.

I hope to deposit a duplicate series of specimens in the museum of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sriences, and it is hoped that duplicates may be deposited in other museums throughout the States. In view of this fact, I have given below the numbers of the specimens obtained of each stratum. The elevation of the top of the well above Ocean in feet is 3066. The elevation of the Bradford Station of the Bradford Branch of the Erie Railway being 1 It \ feet

Surface clays 4' to 4'

Sandy shale, olive irray, micaceous, muddy ; spec. 1 11 " 15

gray, tine, micaceous, muddy; specs. 2, :!, I. 5 88 " 48

Shale dark-gray, with thin micaceous sand shells, muddy :

spe< lit •' 67

-ray, tine, soft, muddy ; spec. S s- ;;,

Slaty sandstone, bluish, tine, muddy; specs. !), 10 28 " US

Fine gray sand shells and daik slates alternating, muddy :

specs. 11, 1-2, 18 '. . is •• lie.

a.-hy gray, very tine micaceous, muddy : spees. 11, IS 16 " f82

Bed shale, soft ; spee. 16 6 " [88

olive gray fine micaceous; spec it i- " 150

dark olive gray, One micaceous ; Bpecs. is, i*,i. 30 80 M 180

white, mixed with green and brown, line ; spec. 21 S " |SS

bluish gray, tine, micaceous, muddy ; spec. 89 '•> " 101

bale, " paint rock " top soft, bottom sandy and micaCCOIlB ,

Bpecs. 88,24, 80 18*' 815

tine, mixed witli slate, a few pebbles; Bpea i888

. bluisb : 10, 81 92 " 860

Slate, bluish, with thin plates ol line sandstone ; BpeCS. :'•'.'. 88.'. I •"> "

\ slate, ilark L'lay, tine, tnieaeeoiis ; spe. B6 Hi" 'JIM

. bluish ; 19 "I " B15

. line, in';. 10 ."> " 820

iddy ; spec. n. \i s •• 828

i •, |4, IS BO " . brown, green and graj . Bpecs,

18 " 882

s •• 890

i" ■■ 400

11

1878.1 XJ- burner.

S. S. gray, very fine, hard, drillings like flour ; specs. 51-46

inclusive 88 to 435

Slate, sand}' micaceous ; specs. 57 to 63 inclusive 38 " 473

S. S. dark -gray, very tine, micaceous, flaky; spec. (34 6 " 471)

8. S. bluish-gray, fine, hard, remnants of fossils; spec. 65 0" 485

Slate, sandy in streaks, micaceous, fossil hands ; specs. 66-76 in- clusive 05 " 580

Dark-gray, thin-bedded S.S., fine, micaceous, slate partings, fos- sils ; specs. 77 to SO inclusive 71 "

S. S. gray, fine, flaky, micaceous, fossils; specs. 90, 91, 98 23 " 674

Slate ; specs. '.(3, 04 12 " 866

S. S. dark-gray, slate partings, fossils ; specs. 95, 98i 97, 98 26 " 712

Red rock, purplish, sandy, very fine, micaceous, fossils; Sp

99; 1 00 10"

Sandy slate, dark, micaceous; specs. 101, 103, 108 20" 742

S. S. fine, micaceous, alternating with slate and '•chocolate"

shale, fossils; specs. 104 to 113 inclusive 68 " 806

S. S. thin bedded, micaceous, slate partings, fossils ; specs. 114

115 13" 818

Slate, an occasional sand shell with fossils; specs. 1 Hi to 13(5 in- clusive 196 " 948

S. S brown and purplish, fine, hard, fossils; spec. 137 8 " 961

Slate, dark lead color 55 " 1006

" Red Rock," fine, purple and gray sandy slate ; specs. 147, 1 is. 14 " 1020

Gray sand, shells and slate, fossils ; specs. 140 to 15:> inclusive.. 24 " 104 1

Shite ; specs. 154, 155 12 " 1050

S. S. dark, hard, fine ; spec. 156 3 " 1050

S. S. yellow gray, drillings as fine as flour; specs. 157 toliili in

elusive l:j " 1072

Slate ; specs. 164, 163 5 " 1077

S S. yellow-gray, tine ; spec. 166 4 " 1081

Slate, sandy ; specs. 167, lf„s, L60 7 " 1Q88

S. S. dark gray, line, fossils ; vpecs. 170, 171 6" 1004

Slate ; specs. 172 to 175 inclusive 17 " 1111

S. S. brown and gray, line, soft with some slate (oil show) ;

specs. 176 to ISO inclusive 14 " 1125

Slate ; specs. 1S1 to ISC, inclusive 23 " Ills

Slate, with dark sand shells; specs. is7 to 190 inclusive 15 " 1168

Slate ; specs. 101, 102 13 " 1176

Slate, with gray sand shells ; specs. 103, 101 5 " 1 lsl

Slate; specs. 105. I0U. 107 12 " 1103

Slate, with an occasional sand shell ; specs. 10S to 200 inclusive. 44 " 1237

Slate, " blue slate "; specs. 207 to 210 inclusive 63" 1300

S. S. brown, line, flaky, slate partings, fossils ; specs. 220 to 228

inclusive 17 " 13,17

Slate ; specs. 224 to 220 inclusive 28 " 1345

Ashburner.] -L— [Aug; H\

- 4 dark-gray, tine, close, hard jjs 0:11 6 to 1351

brownish-gray, tine, slate partings ; specs. 232 to 237 in- clusive 30 " 1381

Sand, shells and slat 238 to 242 inclusive 2 'J " 1408

Bbte 11 at 140- : Bpecs. 248 to 254 inclusive 59 " 1462

Fine sand shells and slate alternating ; specs. 255 to 261 inclu- sive 25 •• lis:

>and -hells at 15H)', 1581', and 157:5'; specs. 262 to 286 in-

-\e 118 " 1605

. with sand shells ; - i tp 291 inclusive 27 " 1632

592 to 205 inclusive 82 " 1664

- S, brown, fine, Oaky. Bradford "3d," or oil producing sand ;

£96 to 310 inclusive 54 ". 1718

c 311 l •• 1719

The top of the ridge directly above the Dennis Well. No. 1, is capped by the Sub (Mean Conglomerate, which lies from 50 to 70 feet below the bottom of the olean Conglomerate ; the top of the well is about 115 feet below this latter horizon.

indstone and conglomerate winch caps the summits surrounding Bradford, and which is found broken up in large masses on the bill slopes. from the Olean Conglomerate.

A or "Dry /!•>''." P. C. L. awl /'. ft?.

ned by the Producers Consolidated Land and Petroleum Company of ford, situated on Kinzua Creek, near the mouth of Glad run, in war- rant 3122, Hamlin Township, McKean County, and about live miles nortli- •f Kane. The land upon which this well is located together with the adjoining tracts are part of those originally belonging to the •' McKean k Land and Improveniei: neral Thomas L. Kane. Supt.

The well was drilled in the Spring of 1877, and the record was furnished

[r. L. c Blakeslee, Superintendent P.C. I- and P. Co. The l ■'' t Ik- top of the well, as determined by Mr. .1. \Y. Mur-

phy of Wilcox, ' higher than Wile >\ Well, No. 8, or 1718 feet

above < kscan.

Sm !

Mud

Sand " shells " and red rock mixed

82

to 82

•• 110

205

293

15

400

10

■■ Mil

.... :in;

... 861

■' 1017

''* -iiburmr.

Hard slate mixed with sand and " pebble shell." 870 to 174")

Slate and sand alternating 40 " 1 788

Drilled dry. Cased at ffHF

Heavy sand "shell" at 1017'

Sand at 174:.'

Slate " 1700'

Sand " i;

Slate " 17-

Salt water found in sands at 1745' and fj

Mr. Blakeslee reports that no "good show" of oil was found. A small gas vein was struck, position not stated. Elevation of the bottom of the Olean Conglomerate on the P. & K. H. R. four miles due south-west from I he Kin/.ua Well is lsus feet. The calculated elevation of the same hori- zon at the well is 1B00 feet.

Wilrn.r WW, Xo.'Z, or Schultz Gas

Owned hy M. M. Schultz & Co., situated on the west branch Clarion River, in warrant 2070, Sergeant Township, McKean County, and five miles north of Wilcox, a station on the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, 104 miles east of the City of Erie. This well is 855 feet south, 17 dc. 80 minutes west, of Wilcox Well, No. 1, or the old Adams Well,* which was drilled in isr.4. (?)

Drilling on this well was commenced about the first of the year 1 1876) and completed in the latter part of August (if the same year. After the drilling was completed to a depth of 2004 feet, an "oil saver" was attached to t lie iron casing (5J inch i, and the gas issuing from the well was conveyed through a two inch pipe and discharged about tWO feet above the surface of the water, which partially tilled the 250 barrel tank which bad been erected. Sufficient oil was passed to show itself as a scum mi the surface of the water.

M r. Schultz conceived the idea of inserting into the well to a depth of 2000 feet, an inch pipe, and by closing the mouth of the casing to utilize the pressure of the gas to force the oil out through the inch tubing.

Mr. Schultz believed that tlie bulk of the oil which was found in the well was coming from the sand extending from 1705 to 1815 feet, in which the drillers reported that they had "struck" a small quantity of heavy green oil. In this event the immense volume of gas which was issuing from a depth of 1770 feet might more than counterbalance in its pressure the pressure of the oil from a lower horizon, and thus prevent it from fill- ing the hole.

After the tubing was adjusted and the gas confined in the well as much

♦For a complete record of this well. see a paper i>y I'rof. Lesley in the Proceed- ings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. X, page 2)8; also one in the Petroleum Mont his of a later date. A description of a very Interesting action of this well Is given in a paper darned '* Description of the Wilcox Spooling Water Well," which l read before the Society, sept. 21, is;;.

Vsbbu* I "A [Aug. in,

as two to three barrels were forced out. Mr. Sclmltz thinks that the tubing during this time must have been entirely tilled with oil to the exclusion of In this e:ise the pressure of the gas most have been sufficient to raise a column of oil one square inch in section and 2000 feet high. Of course, such an enormous pressure c mid only.be temporary. The oil tlowed from the tubing but for a few moments, the gas then probably became thoroughly mixed up with the oil which from its low temperature quickly congealed and effectually choked the pipe. After a few hours the gas ceased to flow entirely from the well and also from the adjoining well, No. I. The gas commenced to flow again with greater energy after 06 hours of inactivity, from both wells, Xos. 1 and 8.

In the early part of 1877, the pressure of the gas seemed to increase sud- denly. About the middle of May, four months after, the gas from both wells, X.>s. 1 :\n<\ 8, Ceased to flow for the second time without any obstruc- tion baring been knowingly placed in its way. No gas was found to come from either well till July 14th, when it commencvd to flow again. Up to the present time the amount of gas increases and diminishes at irregular intervals. The gas from this well was used as fuel in drilling well, Xo. 3.

The deration of Wilcox Well L649 feet above Ocean on the

corrected datum of the P. vv K. K. 11. which makes Wilcox S ation IV

Loan and gravel 80 to SO

Gray slate 56 " Si)

<;iay slate '.

< J ray sand 4$j " 183

shale -20 •' 1 ir>

Gray sand •"> " 150

Red shale 85 ■' W8

tale and clay) l<> " 183

shale mixed w itli gray slate 163 '• MO

red shale 15 ■** 358

slate 69 u 411

id pebble rock containing gas and sail water B '* 498

slate 928 " 650

slate 80 " 886

I "> "

nixed 46 " JK

tin " 8W

and bard shell ;> •• B60

■'» " s<':>

BO*

85 «< uio

5 " !•!.">

. BO " 848

•"• " 850

1 1 •.

1S7S.J 1«* |Ashl, tinier.

Gray and red slate 15 to 97o

Gray slate 15 " 88Q

Gray slate and sand 5 " *.»*»(>

Gray slate 80 ' ' 1050

Gray slate and sand 5 " 1068

Gray slate and sand 25 " 1080

Dark gj»y sand 15 " 1005

Very hard light grey sand 5 " 1100

Gray slate and sand containing small bivalve shells 80*' 1130

Grey slate and hard grey sand 5 " 1125

( i ray slate and soft sand 10 " 1186

Hard gray sand 10 " 1 145

Soft grey slate 27 " 1 172

Gray sand s •• list)

(J ray sand and slate 5 " 11S5

(hay slate containing shells 15 " 1800

(iray sand containing tirst strong smell of oil 1205 to 1210 80 " 1220

(hay slate and hard shell 15 •■ 1288

G»y slate if 1880

(iray slate containing shells 15 " 1883

(iray slate and clover seed sand 5 '■' 1270

(iray slate with hard shell 10 " 1880

Gray slate 10" 1200

(iray slate ami hard shell 25 " 1:115

Light'gray sand 10 ■• 1585

Coarse gray sand 5 •• 1880

Slate .-> " 1385

11a id gray sand 5-' 1840

White sand 10 •• i;;-,o

( 'oarpe may sand 5 '< i ;"],-,,-,

Grey slate and shell 5 " 1880

Gray slate :-}<) •< 1890

Gray sand 10" 1400

( i i ay slate 20 " 1420

(iray slate containing shell 25 " 1445

< I my slate yj •< 1400

( i ray slate containing shell 105 " 15(35

Hard -ray sand 15 <' HJJJQ

Slate and shell 55 " 1835

Gray sand ;>„-, " io;o

186 may slate ¥ 9 " 1070

Dark brown sand containing amber oil, greatest amount near top

ot sand.* 16 " 1695

Gray slate 40 " 17:15

( i ray slate and sand 10 " 1 745

* Probable represent itive of BradtHd u-'»\ " or oil producing sand.

AsOi burner.] It) Aiii. ifl,

Ghay data fund shell 35 to 1770

Gray slate and sand 6 " 177(1

Hard gray sand rock containing a great quantity of gas 4 " 1780

Gray slate ..... 10 " 1790

Fine sand and slate 5 " 1795

Gray sand, upper part containing heavy green oil 20 " 1815

and red micaceous sand and pebbles 20 " 1835

Gray slate 55 " 1890

Gray slate and red sand 5 " 1895

Red sand and pebbles ■") " 1900

White sand containing oil 10 " 1910

White and gray sand containing oil 20 " 1980

74 " 2004

Drilled Dry. Cased ",41

Fresh water course 42i'

Gas and salt water 422'

. sal! water 538'

- vein 1 1 72'

First show of oil 1205' to 1210'

Sand containing greatest amount of oil, particularly at

top of sand. Oil, amber color 1679' to 1695'

Great gas vein 177(1'

Heavy green oil 1800'

While and gray sand containing oil 1900J to 19:10

or "John's Well." Owned by M. M. ScbultZ & ('■>.. and situated 1782 feet QOrth 78 degrees

80 minutes weal of well N The well was commenced In the early pari of October, istu, and com to a depth <>r L880 feei aboul the middle of June, 1877. ter the well bad been drilled to a depth of 1730 feet, tubing was in l io a depth of 1684 feet, and ii was rep >rted thai the well produced,

by pumping, a barrel a day lor alx>ut six months, When it was decided to drill deeper. ThS tabtng was drawn, ami after losing the tools several

. iii\ ab tndoned ai a depth of is:»n feet. ion of the top of the well is 1686 feci above Ocean ; Wilcox

lit datum.

This well was tubed aboul the Aral of the year, am! lias since ' d

pumped continuously every other day. lis average daily production is I end a hall'.

i iii the vicinity of the Wllooa e the mouth of Wilcox

W78.J

17

V -liliuiliei

Drift, as follows : *

Loam and sand 5'

Loam and gravel 5'

< J ravel and pebble 10'

(J ravel and sand 5'

Gravel and pebble 5'

Gravel and sand rock 5'

Quicksand and coarse pebble 5'

Fine sand '■)'

Gray slate

Gray slate

Gray sand

Red slate or shale

Red shale (rock bard)

Gray sand rock

Red shale

Red slate

Gray slate

Red slate

Red shale

Gray slate and sand

< J ray slate and shell

Red slate

Gray slate

Gray slate and shell

( ! ray sand

< ; ray slate

Gray sand rock

(lover seed rock

< 1 ray .shale

Dark gray slate and shell

Gray slate and shell

Gray slate

Hard gray slate

Hard dark gray -hale

( ! ray slate and sand

Hard gray Band !

Light sand with shale

White and gray sand

Hard and tine gray sand

Fine dark gray sand

(J ray slate

Gray slate and shale

Fine gray sand .'

Red slate

Gray sand

48' to 4:r

8 to

' 80

' 117

L8

' 188

10 '

' 145

10

' 188

5 '

' LOO

■Ml

ISO

' 305

10Q

810

18

LB

840

r>

888

as -

' 380

1 1

20 '

' 418

i:.

480

B '

4:;:.

442

8 '

480

is

403

75 '

' .540

7 '

' .VI ;

4:;

890

78 '

80S

80

5 '

' 700

18 '

' 715

775

2."i

' 800

8 '

B '

' 810

B

' 818

88

1

i

s US

25 -

PROC. AMEH. PHILOS. SOC. Will 102. C. PRINTED NOV 22

Ashburner.J J$ [Au-. 1$

Red slate 10 to 880

< rmy slate 35 " 91")

Red" slate 5 " 920

Gray slate 15 " 935

^raysand 5" 940

irray and white sand 15 " 955

Dark gray sand 5 " 960

I lard gray sand 5 " 9(i5

Gray -and and slate 5 " 970

Fine hard dark gray sand 5 " 975

Red slate 5 " 980

alate 35 " 1015

Hard gray sand 20 " 1035

Gray slate 35 " 1070

Dark gray sand 5 ' ' 1 075

Gray Band 5 " 108Q

Gray shale 15 " 1095

Band and very bard shells 5 " 1100

Soft gray sand 15 •• 1115

Gray and white shell 10 " 1125

Close soft whit6 sand 20 " 1145

Hard gray shells OO •• 1165

Gray >lat.' 15 " 1180

White and gray sand and pebbles 10 " 1 190

Close white sand 5 " 1 1 95

Gray sandstone and white pebbles 20 " 1215

( Soarse white sand 5 " 1220

Silver -ray sand 10 " 1280

Fine white Band 5 •' L235

Cray slate and shell 10 " 1215

i May slate 40 •• 1285

Gray date and shell 25 •• L810

! 20 ■• 1880

White -and 10 '• 1840

5 •• 1845

Coin nid 10" 1855

I 5 •• I860

5 •' 1885

Fine m bite -and 5 •• 1870

and bard shell.. tt " 1885

' ::n '\ l U5

2d " 1 185

5'v; 1440

10 " i I'll

Whii.- nod . :, ■■ i iv.

85 " l 100

Ittk.] !•' [Ahiiburiier.

Hard gray shale 5 to 1-45)5

Gray satfcl 5 " 1500

Close white sand 5 " 1500

Hard white sand 5 " f510

Gray slate 20 " 1580

Gray slate and shell 5 " 1535

Hard white sand 10 " 1) 15

( ! ray shell , 5 " 1550

Glay slate 2$ " 1575

Gray sand and shell 15 " 15!to

< iray slate 15 " 1605

( i ray sand -JO •' 1625

Gray slate 10 " 1635

Cray slate and shell 80 " 1665

Ciay slate 10" 1075

Gray slate and shell 10 " 1685

( 'reviee full of quieksand % " 1687

Dark sand containing oil J5 " 1600

Crevice, containing loose stones, and oil 5 " 1605

Dark sand and oil 5 '* 1700

Coarse sand and oil 5 " 1705

Loose slate 10" 1715

Light colored slate 65 *' !7so

11 Gas crevice " tnll of stone and sand 5 " 17^5

Dark sand 7 " 17!>2

Light colored slate 10 " 1808

Hard tine sand 15" is-.':;

White and red sand mixed, red sand, like quicksand 0 ' 1832

Fine red and white sand 11 " 1848

Sandy slate [?] 7" 1850

Drilled dry. Cased 547'

Drive pipe 43'

Heavy Water course 52f/

Qaa vein 588'

First strong smell of oil 11:52'

(las and strong smell of oil 1182'

Oil in gray shale 1685'

Crevice full of quicksand 1681

Oil 1600'

Crevice containing loose stones and oil 1695'

Oil 1700'

Oil 1705' '

Pumped 1720' (•'.)

Oil 17sir

Oas crevice full of stone and sand 1784'

Gas crevice , 1808'

The bottom of the Clean Conglomerate is the same distance above well

Ashburner.J Hi [Aug. HI,

No. 3 as well No. 2, allowing for the difference in elevation of the two wells.

Ernhout and Taylor Well, Xo. 1.

Owned by